How to Wire an Outdoor Water Fountain?

Bringing life and tranquility to your outdoor space has never been easier with the installation of a water fountain. Whether starting from scratch or upgrading your current fountain setup, wiring an outdoor water fountain can be a DIY project.

The entire project is both rewarding and cost-effective. In this blog post, I will be breaking down the steps to wire an outdoor water fountain, and trust me; it is easier than you think.

Get ready to add the soothing sound of flowing water to your backyard oasis, and let’s get started!

Importance Of Proper Wiring For Safety And Functionality

When installing an outdoor water fountain, ensure the wiring is done correctly for safety and functionality. I always recommend hiring a licensed electrician since this is considered an addition to your home’s electrical grid.

Measure and cut a string length to the same length as your fountain pump’s electrical cord, then subtract two feet from it. Also, underground wiring should not run beneath the fountain for safety reasons.

Additionally, bonding is just as crucial as grounding in this situation. Do not mix water and electricity. So that outdoor wires would be damaged due to the rain, mud, and dampness.

Therefore, it is essential to take all necessary precautions when installing a water fountain, so everyone remains safe.

You can read How Much Electricity Does a Water Fountain Use?

Gathering Materials

Before you start your outdoor water fountain project, make sure that you have the right tools and materials on hand. Here is a list of what you will need:

  • Electrical wire (UV-resistant, outdoor rated)
  • Ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) outlet
  • Weatherproof electrical box
  • Waterproof wire connectors
  • Waterproof conduit (if necessary)
  • Circuit breaker
  • Electrical tape
  • Voltage tester
  • Screwdriver
  • Pliers.
electrical wiring

Planning Tips For Water Fountain Wiring

Outdoor water fountains are a beautiful addition to any garden or backyard, adding a tranquil and calming atmosphere to your outdoor living space.

However, installing a water fountain is not only the task. To ensure your fountain’s safety and longevity, you must carefully plan the wiring and electrical setup.

Also, you should ensure your fountain complies with local electrical codes and regulations. In this case, you must understand your area’s local electrical codes and regulations.

These codes will dictate how the fountain should be wired, where the electrical cable can be routed, and what type of power source you can use.

Make sure to research the specific requirements for your area and consult a licensed electrician if you have any questions or concerns.

After getting an idea about code compliances, you need to determine the power source for your fountain. This could be a nearby electrical outlet or a dedicated circuit.

If you do not have an existing electrical source nearby, you may need to have one installed by a licensed electrician.

Keep in mind that the power source you choose will determine the electrical load that the fountain will require, so it’s essential to make the right decision.

Calculating the electrical load of your fountain is another step in the planning process. This will tell you how much power your fountain will require to operate effectively.

You can calculate this by adding the total wattage of all the electrical components that make up your fountain, including the pump, lights, and other accessories.

If you do not know, how to install a fountain water pump, you can read my guide to installing a fountain water pump properly.

Moreover, you need to plan the location and routing of the electrical cable that will power your fountain. Make sure to choose an area that is easily accessible and protected from the elements.

The electrical cable should be routed safely and securely, avoiding areas where the weather or other elements could damage it.

Installing the Electrical Outlet

There are several different types of electrical outlets that you can use for this purpose, including standard outlets, GFCI outlets, and weather-resistant outlets.

To install an electrical outlet properly for an outdoor water fountain is to choose the right type. Standard electrical outlets are fine for most indoor applications but are not designed to withstand the elements.

For outdoor use, it is best to use a GFCI outlet, which stands for Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter. This type of outlet has a built-in circuit breaker that can cut off the power if it detects a ground fault.

GFCI outlet

A weather-resistant outlet is also a good option for outdoor use. These outlets have a protective cover that keeps out moisture and dust. They are often made from materials that can withstand exposure to the elements.

Once you have chosen the proper electrical outlet, it is time to install it. Here are the steps to follow:

Step #1: Turn off the power: Before you start working, turn off the power to the area where you will be installing the electrical outlet. This will prevent you from getting shocked while you are working.

Step #2: Mount the electrical box: Install the electrical box where you want the outlet to be located. Make sure it is mounted securely to the wall or other surfaces.

Step #3: Run the wiring: Run the wiring from the electrical panel to the electrical box. Ensure the wires are correctly connected to the outlet. Also, they are protected by conduit or another type of wiring cover.

Step #4: Install the electrical outlet: Connect it to the electrical box and ensure it is securely fastened.

Step #5: Test the outlet: Turn the power back on and test the outlet to make sure it is working correctly.

When installing an electrical outlet, you should carefully do this task and keep safety in mind. Always wear gloves to protect your hands and avoid working in wet conditions.

If you are not comfortable working with electricity or need the proper knowledge, it is best to hire a professional electrician.

However, to ensure the electrical outlet lasts for years, you can weatherproof it. Here are some tips for doing so:

  • Use a weatherproof cover: Ensure the outlet has a protective shell to remove moisture and dust.
  • Seal around the outlet: Use silicone or another type of sealant to seal around the edges of the outlet so that it is well-protected from the elements.
  • Check the outlet regularly: Regularly check the electrical outlet and ensure it is in good working order and that there are no signs of damage or wear.

Right Ways To Wire the Fountain

Wiring a fountain can seem like a daunting task, but with the right tools and a bit of know-how, anyone can do it. Here is a step-by-step guide to help you get started.

Step #1: Connecting the Electrical Cable to the Fountain Motor

The first step you have to connect your electrical cable to the fountain motor. You will need to locate the terminal block on the motor, where you will be connecting the cable.

fountain water pump

Before connecting the cable, turn off the power to the outlet you will use. This is an important safety measure to ensure you do not get shocked while working on the wiring.

Once you have located the terminal block, strip the wires on the cable and attach them to the appropriate terminals. Usually, the black wire is connected to the “hot” terminal, and the white wire is connected to the “neutral” terminal.

The green or bare wire is attached to the ground terminal. It’s essential to make sure the cables are securely fastened to the terminal block to ensure a good electrical connection.

Step 2: Wiring the Fountain’s Lighting

If your fountain has lighting, you will also need to wire it. This process is similar to connecting the cable to the motor, but you must locate the lighting terminal block and attach the wires accordingly.

Again, turn off the power before starting this process, and check that the wiring is secure when you’re finished.

Step 3: Connecting the Fountain to the Electrical Outlet

Lastly, plug in your fountain plug into the electrical outlet. Before plug-in, make sure the outlet is properly grounded to ensure safety. You can check this by looking for a green screw on the outlet, which is used to attach the ground wire.

Proper grounding and protection against electrical surges are essential because it provides a path for electricity to follow in the event of a short circuit, protecting you and your equipment. For this, you can install a surge protector between the outlet and the fountain’s electrical cable.

Testing and Maintenance

Let’s discuss how to test your fountain for proper functionality. To do this, you must ensure the electrical connection is secure, and the water is flowing properly.

testing and maintenance

Check whether all electrical wires are tightly connected or not. Also, try to find out if there are no frayed wires or other signs of damage.

If you notice any issues, take help from a professional electrician. Once the electrical connection is secure, turn on the fountain and observe the water flow.

Ensure that the water is flowing evenly and that there are no leaks or clogs. If everything looks good, you’re good to go!

Troubleshooting Common Problems

If you notice the water flow is uneven or the fountain is not functioning properly, there are a few things you can do.

  • Check the water level to make sure it is not too low. If it is, fill the basin to the appropriate level.
  • Another common problem is clogs in the fountain’s pump or tubing. To resolve this issue, clean the pump and tubing of any debris.
  • If you notice any leaks, inspect the fountain for cracks or other signs of damage if you cannot find the source of the leak. It may be time to seek the help of a professional.

However, routine maintenance is vital to keeping your fountain functioning. Try to clean the fountain and the basin regularly to remove any debris or buildup.

Inspecting the electrical connection and the water flow periodically is also a good idea to ensure everything is working correctly. Additionally, cover up your fountain and drain the water to prevent any damage from freezing temperatures.


The instructions in the article help outline the steps involved in wiring an outdoor water fountain. However, it is a complex electrical project, and it is recommended to hire a licensed electrician for proper installation.

You should ensure the entire installation is done safely and meets the local electrical codes and regulations. You can get help from a professional electrician.

They will be able to advise on the correct type of electrical outlet to use and adequately run the wiring and install the electrical box, outlet, and circuit breaker.

Additionally, the electrician will be able to calculate the fountain’s electrical load and plan the electrical cable’s routing, ensuring that it is safe and secure.

While DIY projects can be rewarding, it is essential to prioritize safety and consult a professional when necessary.

About The Author

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Written by Shimul
Hi, I'm Shimul, the founder of Trendy Outdoor. I'm excited about sharing the latest outdoor living trends with you. My goal is to provide you with up-to-date information that will help make your outdoor space stylish and enjoyable. Read About Me More । Follow on Facebook

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